Pasture Biomass Platform

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Summary


Cibo Labs is aiming to provide the user with a range of open "data focused" services that allow different levels of access depending on the user and organisations needs and easy integration into third party systems. These levels include:

  1. Web mapping interface
    1. A secure web address (URL) is provided to the user for quickly displaying the most recent map and image products. The interface is intended to provide basic viewing of key products for any level user.
    2. Further details are provided below.
  2. OneDrive Folder
    1. Full data product access via shared folders. All processed data products are stored in a secure OneDrive Folder which is shared through an encrypted link.
    2. This is intended to provide full access to every product you have paid for; secure backup, and the ability to undertake further value-adding of the data. This "live folder" is updated whenever new satellite imagery has been captured and processed for the property.
    3. The folder can be shared with others in the organisation and saved onto your desktop OneDrive application, and synchronised whenever you choose through OneDrive. Further details on the data products is provided below.
  3. Third party web services and mobile Apps
    1. Cibo Labs recognises the frustration of requiring "yet another app" to access information and is actively working with other third-party farm management software companies to integrate into their applications. For example, posting updates of pasture biomass directly into your paddock record system through an API.
    2. If you want to access the Cibo products through another Application, please let us know, and we will endeavour to work with your application provider to deliver this service.


The following sections provide the web links to your data and a brief guide on using our data services.
For more information or to provide feedback please contact Cibo Labs.
Web: www.cibolabs.com.au
E: ptickle@cibolabs.com.au
M: +61 437593037

Web mapping interface














For each registered property you receive an encrypted web address (URL) that provides a simple map display of your paddocks and the most recent products. Save this into your browser favourites for quick access.
Use the [+ or -] to zoom in and out, or the roller on your mouse. Pan using the "click and drag" on your mouse.
It provides quick access to the following maps that can be displayed using the layer tab on the top right of the screen. See the Legends section below for information on the colour display.


Google or Open Street Map layers

Background map layers

Landsat (30m) Seasonal Fraction Ground Cover

Landsat (30m) Seasonal Fraction Ground Cover for the most recent completed calendar season

    1. Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

Sentinel (10m) Seasonal Fractional Cover

Sentinel (10m) Seasonal Fractional Cover (trees and ground) for the most recent calendar season
Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

Bounds

The property paddocks and or property boundary

<date>

Each <date> is the median value over the last 15 days prior to the displayed image date. The 5 daily imagery provides up to 3 acquisitions in a 15 day period. Clouds are detected and removed to approximately 80% accuracy. At least 2 cloud-free pixels are required in the 15 day period for display and analysis.

FOO <date>

Feed On Offer. Simply click on a paddock and the following popup will be displayed showing the most recent estimate of average TSDM for the paddock and total FOO based on the grazable area of the paddock after forest and woodland areas >20% canopy cover have been excluded.
 
The <valid data> field provides an estimate of the proportion of the paddock that was cloud free when the estimates were made.

Display <date>

3 band pseudo colour composite Sentinel image. The image uses Sentinel bands 11,8,4 (b1,b2,b3).

NDVI<date>

Normalised Difference Vegetation Index

TSDM<date>

Total Standing Dry Matter (TSDM) in kg/ha

Fractional Cover<date>

(red=bare ground; green = photosynthetically active vegetation (PV); blue = Non-photosynthetically Active (NPV) vegetation.

Monthly Change<date>

A comparison of the most recent 15 days TSDM to the previous period 30-45 days ago as a percentage of the previous period. So a value of 50 suggests that current biomass is 50% of what it was a month ago.


IMPORTANT NOTE: The initial TSDM products use regional calibrations that may not fully represent your pasture types or seasonal conditions. Our operational service involves a rapid calibration process to tune the system specifically to your pastures. If you are undertaking an initial trial of the service without local calibrations, please interpret the TSDM products as a RELATIVE PASTURE INDEX. Initial evaluations should focus on the "relative" biomass levels across and between paddocks, i.e "this paddock is 25% higher then the next paddock", or " the ridges in the paddock are 50% lower that the gullies".
Land types, pasture composition, seasons and growth stage play a major role in estimating Palatable Yield relative to total standing dry matter (TSDM). For example, Spinifex may have high TSDM but low palatability. Work is well advanced on the estimation of palatable yield, and the first estimates will be available soon.

Legends

Feed on Offer (average TSDM/paddock

Total Standing Dry Matter (kg/ha)

Fractional Cover

Areas dominated by bare ground are red. Photosynthetically Vegetation (PV) will be green. Non-Photosynthetically Vegetation (NPV) or dry cover will be blue.
Combinations of the above will appear as mixed colours such as purple, cyan or yellow. For example, a pixel with non-green (dry) cover and bare cover will be a shade of purple.

 

30 Day Change in TSDM

NDVI

OneDrive Folder

You should have received a link to a OneDrive folder where your data products are stored.

  1. Full data product access via shared folders. All processed data products are stored in a secure OneDrive Folder which is shared through an encrypted link.
  2. Only you and Cibo Labs has access to the folder.
  3. This is intended to provide full access to every product you have paid for; secure backup, and the ability to undertake further value-adding of the data. This "live folder" is updated whenever new satellite imagery has been captured and processed for the property.
  4. The folder can be shared with others in the organisation and saved onto your desktop OneDrive application, and synchronised whenever you choose through OneDrive. Further details on the data products is provided below.


There are 3 types of files stored in your OneDrive Folder:

  1. A CSV (comma separated variables) file with the following naming convention
    1. CIBOXXXX-<PropertyName><Paddocks><Owner>.CSV
    2. This file is a "LIVE" file and should not be renamed of deleted. It can be saved as an EXCEL Workbook or other spreadsheet for further analysis
    3. The CSV has the following KEY columns:

PadkName

Name of each paddock if provided

Cibo_ha

Paddock area in hectares

Cibo_notreeha

the net area of the paddock with tree cover >20% canopy cover removed

cibo_TSDM_<date>

Estimated average Total Standing Dry Matter (TSDM) of pasture in kg/ha for the date of each satellite overpass.

cibo_TSDM15_<date>

Estimated average TSDM based on the 15 days prior and including the most recent satellite overpass. 5 daily imagery provides 3 acquisitions over the 15 days. While we attempt to automatically remove the clouds it is not a perfect science. Using this approach provides a valid means of minimising cloud contamination of the data over a 15 day period.

cibo_foo_<date>

Total Feed on Offer (FOO) (kg) based on the average TSDM multiplied by the <Cibo_notreeha>

cibo_foo15_<date>

FOO based on the 15 days prior and including the most recent satellite overpass.

cibo_validArea_<date>

The percentage of the paddock estimated to have cloud-free imagery for the given date. This is a quality flag for the user to decide whether they want to accept the estimates of TSDM or FOO
For example, 100 means 100% cloud free; 10 means only 10% of the paddock was cloud free.

<date>

New columns are added for each satellite acquisition for each of the above. This data can be graphed in any spreadsheet package. See an example below



Figure 1. Property Level Feed on Offer (FOO)

  1. GeoJson GIS file - with the following naming convention
    1. CIBOXXXX-<PropertyName><Paddocks><Owner>.geojson
    2. This file can be loaded into a GIS, and stores your paddock maps, and statistical summaries for each satellite overpass.
    3. A great free GIS package can be downloaded from QGIS
    4. The columns in the geojson file follow the same naming conventions as the CSV file above.
    5. Maps of paddock level TSDM, or FOO can be generated as "traffic light" maps in a GIS. See example below.


Figure 2. Traffic Light Map showing paddock average TSDM

  1. Raster TIF files of all the output products.
    1. You will need a GIS to display properly, but you can open them in any picture app.
    2. A great free GIS package can be downloaded from QGIS


Products

The datasets include the following naming convention. <property><date><product>

DISP

3 band colour composite image. The image uses Sentinel bands 11,8,4 (b1,b2,b3). For purposes of easy display the reflectance values are multiplied by 500 (So a reflectance of 0.5 would be 250). Nodata is 0.

NDVI

Normalised Difference Vegetation Index. For easy display the NDVI values are multiplied by NDVI+1 * 100.

TSDM

Total Standing Dry Matter (TSDM) in kg/ha

FC

Fractional Cover Percent composite (red=bare ground; green = photosynthetically active vegetation (PV); blue = Non-photosynthetically Active (NPV) vegetation. For easy display the Fractional Cover values are multiplied by 255.

TC

Total Cover percent. This image is the sum of the Fractional Cover PV and NPV components above. For easy display the TC values are integers + 100. So a value of 150 is 50% Total Cover.

<Product>15

any of the above as a median pixel value over the last 15 days prior to the image date. 5 daily imagery provides 3 acquisitions over the 15 days. While we attempt to automatically remove the clouds it is not a perfect science. Using this approach provides a valid means of minimising cloud contamination of the data.

CHANGE30

A comparison of the most recent 15 days TSDM to the previous period 30-45 days ago as a percentage of the previous period. So a value of 50 suggests that current biomass is 50% of what it was a month ago. See an example below



Figure 3. Map showing the relative change in TSDM over the last 30 days.